he Impact of Dodd-Frank and Conflict Minerals Reforms on Eastern Congo’s War

EnoughProject makes Correction– June 20, 2014: References to a gold dealer and refiner on pages 2 and 16 have been deleted due to factual inaccuracies. A comment from the company can be found here “Response to Enough Project”

Kaloti Precious Metals (Kaloti) declares that all allegations and implications relating to its non-compliance in the gold trade business are false and without any merit or substantiation.

Kaloti is proud to have led the transparency drive in Dubai’s physical gold market by completing all stages of any independent third party audit and by implementing DMCC Guidelines on Responsible sourcing of Precious Metals and Review Protocol. Kaloti willingly underwent the first-ever audit of its gold refinery business and went a step further for transparency by voluntarily opening the third party audit to include all trading activities of Kaloti Jewellery International DMCC.

Our fully compliant final result was confirmed by Ernst & Young, the auditors, in their Review and Assurance Reports.

In all enhanced and rigid Ernst & Young audit reports and findings, Kaloti was never found to be sourcing from conflict zones or DRC area in particular. It was also never found to be funding conflict or human rights abuses or any of the other mentioned allegations All non-compliance during the initial audit stage was related to a lack of specific KYC documentations and not to say any findings of conflict gold within the supply chain.

The final findings of the Consolidated Report were published in accordance with the requirements of the regulator and they were consistent with global best practices and industry norms of compliance reporting.

Kaloti has followed and adhered at all stages to the requirements of the audit and the DMCC Review Protocol and remains fully compliant.

Just four years after enactment of historic Dodd-Frank “conflict minerals” legislation, a new investigative report by the Enough Project identifies early signs of success, with many lucrative mines in eastern Congo no longer controlled by violent armed groups responsible for mass atrocities, rape, and grave violations of human rights.

By Fidel Bafilemba, Timo Mueller, and Sasha Lezhnev | Jun 10, 2014

[This report contains a correction.]

Market changes spurred by the 2010 Dodd-Frank law on conflict minerals have helped significantly reduce the involvement of armed groups in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (“Congo”) in the mines of three out of the four conflict minerals. The law, in addition to conflict minerals audit programs from the electronics industry and related reforms begun by African governments in the region but not yet fully implemented, has made it much less economically viable for armed groups and Congo’s army to mine tin, tantalum, and tungsten, known as the 3Ts. Minerals were previously major sources of revenue for armed groups, generating an estimated $185 million per year for armed groups and the army. However, artisanally mined gold continues to fund armed commanders. Further reforms are needed to address conflict gold and close loopholes on the other minerals.

Furthermore, initial military restructuring within Congo’s army has removed armed actors from many mines, and military operations undertaken by the Congolese army and the United Nations Force Intervention Brigade have significantly reduced the threats of powerful armed groups such as the M23 and the Allied Democratic Forces. Neutralizing these groups – two of the biggest contributors to Congo’s deadly conflict in recent years – is helping improve the situation in the areas where they operated with impunity.

Nevertheless, insecurity remains a serious challenge in several areas of eastern Congo. After 15 years of the deadly conflict minerals trade in the Kivus, the Dodd-Frank law initiated meaningful reforms in the way that international commercial actors engage with the minerals trade in eastern Congo, Rwanda, and the region, and is beginning to remove the gasoline that has helped fuel Congo’s deadly conflicts. While this has started a shift toward legal and peaceful forms of natural resource extraction for several minerals, the Congolese army and several other militias continue predatory abuses against civilian populations in the absence of the rule of law. The Kinshasa government’s significant corruption and dysfunction remain major obstacles to human security in Congo. Without reforming the security sector, militarily engaging the Forces Démocratiques de Liberation du Rwanda (FDLR) rebel group, introducing real anti-corruption reforms, and committing to free and fair elections, the security situation will remain unstable.

The Enough Project conducted five months of field research in eastern Congo, interviewing 220 people in 14 mines and towns, in addition to 32 interviews in the U.S. and Europe. The research revealed the following findings…

The text above is an excerpt from the full report, The Impact of Dodd-Frank and Conflict Minerals Reforms on Eastern Congo’s War

South Sudan Makes Progress on Cease-fire

FILE – South Sudan’s rebel leader Riek Machar poses for a photograph as he is interviewed by The Associated Press about the situation in South Sudan.


South Sudan’s rebels signed an agreement Monday to finalize the implementation of the security arrangements that were part of an August peace accord.

Fighting has continued despite that cease-fire, but this latest development has all parties hopeful.

The government delegation and a group of former political leaders and detainees signed the agreement in September, but the rebels had refused.

General Taban Deng Gai said the rebels delayed because they were concerned about the volume of troops in the capital city, Juba.

“The government had the understanding that the 5,000 mentioned in the minutes were just only for them, but now they understand that we are going to share them,” Gai explained. “They’re going to be shared between the two parties. This will be the first unit of the army to be unified.”

FILE – South Sudan government soldiers in the town of Koch, Unity state, South Sudan.

Talks will continue to decide on the details on the shared forces. IGAD, the East African bloc mediating, is hopeful for more progress after the signing Monday morning.

South Sudan Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs Peter Bashir calls the signing a breakthrough as talks have been going on for 22 months.

“This minute, as per the agreement, is supposed to be the operationalization of the permanent cease-fire and transitional security arrangement, which is key for the implementation of other provisions,” Bashir said.

A political rift between President Salva Kirr and his former deputy turned violent in December 2013. The conflict has left millions displaced and in need of humanitarian assistance.

The U.N. warned this month that nearly 4 million people in South Sudan face “severe food insecurity,” including “tens of thousands on the brink of famine” in war-torn Unity state.

Several cease-fires have been signed since January 2014, but none of them has brought peace.

Why is George Clooney betting on South Sudan for his coffee?

Nespresso has begun exporting coffee from South Sudan, as major companies look again at how and where they source their beans

(CNN)George Clooney could be right: the future of big coffee is small farmers. The film star and face of Nespresso has been promoting the nascent coffee industry in South Sudan, where he has long been involved as a political activist.

The company has been working with the non-profit organization TechnoServe and around 500 small farmers to restart commercial coffee exports in South Sudan, which gained its independence in 2011, but has since been gripped by a new civil conflict. Nespresso says intends to invest around $2.5 million in the country to expand its program to reach 8,000 farmers by 2020.

“The high-end coffee market is not just interested in having the best quality beans, but in having a compelling story behind those beans,” says William Warshauer, TechnoServe’s CEO. “In that sense, South Sudan represents both in a way that’s off the charts. This is the world’s last new coffee origin.”

As well as gaining it access to a unique coffee, Nespresso’s investment reflects a growing momentum within the big buyers of the commodity to invest in Africa, and in the small-scale farmers who actually grow the beans, and whose livelihoods are increasingly under threat.

“You cannot have on one side a business strategy and on the other a sustainability strategy,” Jean-Marc Duvoisin, CEO of Nestlé Nespresso, told CNN in an emailed response to questions.

“As a business, we couldn’t be sustainable if the farmers we work with are not sustainable themselves. Our approach, combining quality, sustainability and productivity principles, has resulted in better coffee quality, better environmental conditions, better social conditions and higher income for farmers.”

Livelihoods under threat

Worldwide, 85% of coffee is grown by smallholders, who sell their crop either directly to the big traders and processors, or at the farm gate through middlemen. In Africa there are more than 3 million small-scale coffee growers, according to TechnoServe, and 80% live on less than $2 per day. Research from the Fairtrade Foundation shows that the farmers at the end of the supply chain receive less than 10% of the retail price for coffee.

This structure is looking less sustainable every year, and coffee buyers are worried that their long-term prospects may be undermined by a lack of investment at the farm level. To redress the balance, they are putting more effort — and more money — into supporting the livelihoods of smallholders.

In June, Starbucks, which sources coffee from more than 30 countries, put an extra $30 million into its Global Farmer Fund program, to support smallholder farmers, more than doubling its size.

“I think the biggest market driver [for investments in smallholders] is that companies have realized it’s in their best interest, and beyond their best interest, that it’s core to their operations,” says Liam Brody, senior vice president at Root Capital, which manages funds that invest in small farmers. “Some of them have just realized that the way they’ve done business can’t continue.”

A vicious cycle

The global crop has been threatened by climate change, ageing trees and diseases, all of which have contributed to the fragility of these rural livelihoods. This in turn has made it difficult for farmers to invest in new plants, irrigation or fertilizers, leading to a vicious cycle of falling productivity and lower income. At the same time, demand is increasing as consumers in China and India switch from tea to coffee.

Africa only produces around 12% of total coffee production, but the low levels of development — and consequently low yields per farm — mean that it is well-placed to take up the slack. Comparatively small investments in inputs can have significant impact on the amount of coffee that is harvested.

“I think we’ve really reached a tipping point on this,” TechnoServe’s Warshauer says. “I think companies are seeing this fundamentally differently than they used to. They understand better than ever before that when they’re sourcing things from emerging markets, that when the family that’s growing them can’t live above the poverty line while doing so, then what they’re buying might not be there when they come back the next year to buy it again.”

Victims of North Darfur tribal clashes need aid

Houses burn during clashes between Berti and Beni Omran tribesmen in Mellit, North Darfur, 22 October 2015 (RD)

The people who lost their homes during tribal clashes in Mellit, North Darfur, on Thursday have yet to receive humanitarian assistance.

The Popular Committee of Dar El Naeem has handed the locality’s commissioner the names of the sixty families whose homes were torched in the Berti-Beni Omran fighting, pointing out that these people are in urgent need of food, water, tents, and plastic sheets.

According to the Committee, Mohamed Ahmed El Zein was killed during the clashes. El Hadi Abdallah Adam, Suleiman Hemeida Mohamed, Ahmed Osman Abdelkarim and Jamal Adam Abdallah were injured.

Sudan govt. will only talk with armed movements in Addis


The AU mediation team consults Sudan opposition leaders in Addis Ababa on 22 August 2015 (AUHIP)

The National Consensus Forces (NCF) have not received an invitation from the AU High-level Implementation Panel (AUHIP) to meet with the Sudanese government in Addis Ababa on 2 November. The Sudanese government is willing to take part in a preparatory meeting on the National Dialogue, brokered by the AUHIP, yet the meeting should be confined to the rebel movements only.

Tareg Abdelmajeed, the secretary of the NCF coalition of opposition parties said in an interview in Radio Dabanga’s Milafaat Sudaniya on Sunday that they have not received an invitation for a preparatory National Dialogue meeting. He said the NCF will discuss the issue with their allies, the Sudan Revolutionary Front (SRF) rebel alliance and the National Umma Party.

On Tuesday, the Sudanese government said it received an invitation from the AU mediation team to resume peace talks with the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) on the Two Areas (South Kordofan and the Blue Nile in the Ethiopian capital on 2 November.


However, SPLM-N Secretary-General Yasir Arman told Radio Dabanga last Thursday that they had not yet received an invitation. He said that the priorities of the new negotiation round were still a subject of discussion; whether to start with a preparatory National Dialogue meeting, or a meeting on a cessation of hostilities in the Two Areas.

Arman said the SPLM-N prepared themselves for two scenarios: “We will go to Addis Ababa, where we will demand a comprehensive solution [for all crises in Sudan] until it becomes a major issue on Sudanese, regional, and international agendas.” The rebel movement also plans to discuss a ceasefire in the Two Areas to allow humanitarian organisations access to the war-torn areas. “The issue of the delivery of aid will be presented as a top priority,” he stressed.

Rebels only

On Sunday, the Sudanese government affirmed its readiness to meet with the armed movements in a preparatory meeting for the National Dialogue at any time determined by the AUHIP.

In a press conference in Khartoum, member of the 7+7 National Dialogue Coordination Committee and Assistant to the President Ibrahim Mahmoud Hamed definitively ruled-out any preparatory meeting abroad with opposition parties present in the country. These parties are welcome to join the National Dialogue sessions in Khartoum, he said. The 2 November meeting in Addis Ababa will be restricted to the rebel movements.

Minister of Foreign Affairs Dr Ibrahim Ghandour met with AUHIP chairman Thabo Mbeki last Friday in the Ethiopian capital, to discuss his proposal for holding a pre-dialogue meeting with the armed opposition.

www.google.com| Google.com

#GlobalJustice Weekly – India: Do not welcome ICC fugitive al-Bashir

And calls on the Sudanese demonstrators al-Bashir of the court at the International Criminal Court. April, 2013. © Gordana Ilic / ST

News of justice in the world this week: Civil society calls in India We do not welcome Bashir. UN Security Council says violence in the Central African Republic may amount to war crimes. And news in Kenya, Palestine, Ukraine and much more.
India: No welcome Bashir
21 international non-governmental organization and African calls for India does not welcome the fugitive Omar al-Bashir over ICC’s
Summitnext week.

“Bashir is a fugitive from the law,” Obi Nwankwo, steering committee member in the Nigerian Coalition for the International Criminal Court for alleged war. “The al-Bashir that India host the global status of distortion and is an insult to the victims.”
IndiaSayIt is not obliged to arrest the Sudanese president because they are not in the ICC member state. But the prosecutor of the International Criminal CourtCallAuthorities to help end impunity for the worst crimes in the world in terms of the implementation of the arrest, adding that a UN resolution that asked the International Criminal Court to investigate in Darfur and urged all States to cooperate fully with the International Criminal Court.

Saudi Arabia also has aCallBashir to attend the summit in November.

International Criminal Court investigations
Central African Republic: UN Security CouncilHe saidThe recent upsurge of violence in the Central African Republic may amount to war crimes, and asked the perpetrators accountable. 31 civilians were killed on both Say KillingIn less than a week in the capital, Bangui, according to Human Rights Watch.
Kenya:KenyaAsked UN Security Council to postpone the trial of the International Criminal Court against Deputy President William Ruto and broadcaster Joshua Sang. the African Union Article 68 of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence of the Court opposed the certification denied in the case.
Democratic Republic of Congo: Democratic Republic of Congo: a former officer in the Union of Congolese Patriots …Saw In the trial of former militia leader Bosco Ntaganda about communications militia in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo systems.
Côte d’Ivoire:
National and international civil societyCallPeaceful presidential elections to be held on 25 October. Cote d’Ivoire National Coalition for the International Criminal Court He urgedProsecutor of the International Criminal Tribunal for the re-affirms its commitment to bringing the perpetrators of serious crimes are brought to justice in the country (in French).

International Criminal Court preliminary examinations
Georgia:Kirsten signReflectsOver the various stakeholders in the 2008 conflict over South Ossetia to consider the ICC investigation in a possible position.
Aeksvelstin:Relatives of a US citizen was killed in a raid against the humanitarian flotilla Mavi Marmara isProsecutionAnd former Israel Defense Minister Ehud Barak. Palestinian human rights lawyer Jamil Dakwar shares Ideas about the possibility of the ICC investigation in Palestine.

Ukraine: Ukrainian civil society Submitted Documents to the International Criminal Court on the serious crimes committed in eastern Ukraine, in a new reportUrgesInternational Criminal Court to open an investigation in the country.

Campaign for global justice

International Bar AssociationcalledIn South Africa to stay at the International Criminal Court System.

what happens?
The new leaders in CanadacanTo return the country’s Enlightened roleIt must be in the promotion of the rule of law at the international level.

MustVictims of serious crimes have a greater role in decision-making prosecutor of the International Criminal Court to open investigations?

YezidiHe urgedThe United Nations to define the attack as genocide. Her parties to the conflict in Yemen claimsViolated The laws of war.

Sri Lankan judge war claimsCrimes Allegations the country’s credible.

Strong playrevealUnspeakable horrors suffered by the countless victims of decades-old conflict in northern Uganda.

UN at 70! What are the stakes and challenges for human rights?


Exactly 70 years ago, on 24 October 1945, the United Nations Charter entered into force. Just weeks after World War II ended, the United Nations became a reality.

Human rights were defined as one of the purposes of the organization. 70 years later, as UN membership expanded from 53 to 193 states, how does the organization carry out its mandate to ensure universal, effective respect for human rights? What are the key stakes in this regard? Read FIDH’s analysis:


– What has been achieved in terms of human rights protection? What challenges are facing global governance?Read analysis by Souhayr Belhassen, FIDH Honorary President, who takes Tunisia as a case study.

– At the UN Security Council, permanent members’s use of the veto remains a major obstacle to fulfilling the organization’s mandate. To know more.

– 16 peacekeeping missions are currently deployed in the field. How does the UN advance peace and security worldwide? How do these missions advance human rights? To know more.

– The UN Security Council also emphasizes the full participation of women in peace negotiations and peacebuilding processes. How does this commitment translate in actual fact? To know more.

– In September 2015, the United Nations adopted 17 strategic orientations to strengthen development worlwide, for the 15 years to come. Read about what’s at stake in terms of integrating human rights in global economic governance and human development. To know more

After fierce battles .. Hadi forces enter the presidential palace in Taiz


Forces loyal to the Yemeni government has been able to enter the presidential palace in Taiz amid violent clashes with Huthi fighters, according to local sources.

Medical sources said that 13 Huthia and eight loyal to President Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi, were killed in the clashes.

The pro-government forces have been able to control the number of mountain peaks on the southern road to Taiz, and surrounded the camp, located to the north of the presidential palace after fierce battles lasted several days with Huthi fighters.

The progress Hadi supporters of the support of the air strikes launched by coalition led by Saudi Arabia.

She said MSF The Houthi armed convoys of medical supplies were prevented from entering the area in Taiz, and MSF quoted residents as saying that there Huthi also prevented the entry of food, water and fuel to the region.

The 21 Huthia at least 15 members of the pro-government forces were killed Sunday in clashes and air strikes of the coalition, according to military sources.

Source: Agencies

Wounded two students shot dead by the army and the looting Nertta market


Humans wounded Jamal Abu Saleh and Abdul-Qader Abdul Rahman Adam, two Taliban high school, were injured in a shooting by members of the armed forces within the state Nertta city center Darformads on Friday. Witnesses for “Radio Dabanga” The two members of the armed forces opened fire at the sixth hour of Friday afternoon Ali Jamal-old (18 years) and Abdul Qadir (18) years during Astzkaarham lessons Valley Thompso neighborhood district mayor in Nertta what led to the injuries injured dangerous. The witnesses said that the students were transferred to Nyala hospital for treatment and said one witness “Radio Dabanga” of Nertta
In the city of Nertta also compromise unidentified gunmen on Mobiles shop big market Nertta and looted a group of mobiles Saturday night. He said citizens “Radio Dabanga” The city Samao population midnight on Saturday, heavy gunfire in the market area and in the morning found a shop Altelfonat owned dealer Abdel-Hakam, where the gunmen broke locks Shop dead and then looted the shop a number of Altelfonat.
At the local or smoked state of the center of Darfur there is a situation of relative calm between tribes Salamat and Misseriya and that after the intervention of a mediation committee to control the situation in the wake of violent clashes on Friday in “mirrors” of the local or smoked claimed the lives of seven people dead on both sides. The Commission Ajaweed locality official or smoked Saturday that the governor form a mediation committee as soon as the outbreak of armed conflict between the two sides to calm tempers, and stop the bloodshed in the region in preparation for an end Magistrate tribal tribal conflict in the state. He called for a cessation of hostilities importance of the media and bickering that fuels the fire of tribalism, and the dissemination of discord between the people of the region.

UNICEF warns of polio outbreak in Sudan’s war affected regions


The UNICEF representative for Sudan warned that polio may outbreak in Blue Nile, Nuba Mountains, and Jebel Marra in Darfur because more than 200,000 children under five have not received vaccination for the past four years.

Geert Cappelaere said 23 October was World Polio Day and 99.9 percent of the work to eradicate polio worldwide is done, but a significant part of the remaining work is in Sudan.

Without the vaccination, there was a chance of emergence of polio very soon, he warned.

Cappelaere said no reports of polio outbreaks had been reported this year, but a massive measles outbreak had affected the areas in 2015.

Cappelaere said the three areas have not been accessible by aid groups due to conflict, noting Sudan is host to one of the largest humanitarian crises on Earth today with more than three million children suffering.

The child welfare activist called on government and rebel forces to stop fighting. He said commitments to end the violence have not been translated into action.